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Physical performance and somatic maturity in male and female judo athletes

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Daniele Detanico, Rafael L. Kons. Physical performance and somatic maturity in male and female judo athletes: An analysis in different age categories,
Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 2023,

ABSTRACT

Background

Maturity status is an important parameter to understand physical performance in young judo athletes, especially considering different age categories.

Objectives

The aim of this study was to investigate the role of each age category (U13, U15, and U18) on physical performance between and within the age groups.

Methods

Sixty-five male athletes from the U13 (n = 17), U15 (n = 30), and U18 categories (n = 18), and 28 female from the U13 (n = 9), U15 (n = 15), and U18 categories (n = 4) participated in this study. The assessments were performed at two moments separated by 48 h and included anthropometric measurements and physical tests (standing long jump, medicine ball throw, handgrip strength, Special Judo Fitness Test, and Judogi Grip Strength Test). The athletes also provided their date of birth and judo experience. One-way analysis of variance and Pearson correlation were used with significant level set at 5%.

Results

The main results showed higher values of somatic variables (maturity status and body size) and physical performance in the U18 compared to U15 and U13 in male and female (p < 0.05), but no differences between U15 and U13 (p > 0.05). In general, training experience, chronological age, and somatic variables were correlated (moderate to very large magnitude) with physical performance in all age categories for male (r = 0.40–0.66, p < 0.05) and female groups (r = 0.49–0.73, p < 0.05).

Conclusion

We concluded that U18 athletes showed higher values of somatic maturity, training experience, and physical performance compared to U13 and U15 categories, with no differences between U13 and U15. In general, training experience, chronological age, and somatic variables were correlated with physical performance in all age categories.

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